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Brown, George Scratchley (17 August 1918–05 December 1978), air force officer, was born in Montclair, New Jersey, the son of Thoburn Kaye Brown, a career army officer, and Frances Katherine Scratchley. After graduating from high school in Leavenworth, Kansas, in 1936, Brown attended the University of Missouri for a year before enrolling in the U.S. Military Academy. He graduated in 1941 and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the infantry. Brown entered flight training in August 1941, and the following March he received his wings and was assigned to the army air forces. In 1942 he married Alice Norvell Calhoun; they had three children....

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Carl Spaatz. Photograph by Margaret Bourke-White, c. 1940–1948. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-92807).

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Spaatz, Carl Andrew (28 June 1891–04 July 1974), first chief of staff of the U.S. Air Force, was born in Boyertown, Pennsylvania, the son of Charles Spatz, a state senator, newspaperman, and printshop owner, and Ann Muntz. Years later, Carl Spaatz added an ...

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Twining, Nathan Farragut (11 October 1897–29 March 1982), airman, was born in Monroe, Wisconsin, the son of Clarence Walker Twining, a banker, and Maize Barber. He attended public schools in Wisconsin until the family relocated to Portland, Oregon. As a member of the National Guard, Twining was first called to active duty in 1916 and served several months along the Mexican border with General ...