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Cahn, Edmond Nathaniel (17 January 1906–09 August 1964), lawyer, law teacher, and legal philosopher, was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, the son of Edgar Mayer Cahn, a prominent lawyer, and Minnie Sarah Cohen. He attended public schools and then Tulane University, from which he received a B.A. in 1925 and a J.D. in 1927....

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Frankel, Charles (13 December 1917–10 May 1979), philosopher, was born in New York City, the son of Abraham Philip Frankel, an executive with a motion-picture theater chain, and Estelle Cohen. Frankel grew up in the Washington Heights section of Manhattan and attended local public schools. He was an excellent student and graduated from high school at the age of fourteen. Frankel attended high school for an additional year to take advanced courses in mathematics and foreign languages and then enrolled at Columbia University in the fall of 1933....

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Priber, Christian Gottlieb (21 March 1697–1744?), lawyer and utopian philosopher, was born in Zittau, Saxony, the son of Frederick Priber, a linen merchant and beerhouse owner, and Anna Dorothea Bergmann. Little is known of Priber’s early childhood in Europe. In 1722 he received a doctorate in jurisprudence from Erfurt University. He returned to Zittau, married Christiane Dorothea Hoffman on 17 November 1722, and began to practice law. The marriage produced five children. His professional career apparently prospered for he was later listed on the town records as “Oberamts-regierungs-Advokat,” attorney at the governmental superior bailiwick, with duties corresponding to those of a district attorney in the United States....

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Stallo, Johann Bernhard (16 March 1823–06 January 1900), jurist and philosopher, was born in Seirhausen, Oldenburg, Germany, the son of Johann Heinrich Stallo, a schoolmaster, and Maria Adelheid Moormann. Under the tutelage of his father and grandfather, also a schoolmaster, Stallo gained a solid education, especially in mathematics, along with fluency in English, French, and the classical languages. At the age of thirteen he entered the Catholic normal school at Vechta, where he had his first exposure to German philosophy. Limited family resources precluded university study, and to avoid becoming a country schoolteacher, he immigrated to Cincinnati in 1839, following the path of an uncle who had succeeded as a printer in that city. The sixteen-year-old boy quickly secured a teaching position at a local parochial school. Recognizing a need for a German primer, in 1840 he wrote ...

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van Heijenoort, Jean (23 July 1912–30 March 1986), logician, historian, and one-time revolutionary, was born Jean Louis Maxime van Heijenoort in Creil, France, the only child of Jean (Jan) Théodore Didier van Heijenoort, an émigré from Delft, Holland, who worked as an artisan, and Charlotte Hélène Balagny, a native of the region. After his father’s death at the beginning of World War I, Jean, who was only two, lived with his aunt while his mother worked as a domestic in a hotel. He grew up next to battlefields in wartime and in harsh postwar circumstances. As an adult he spoke of the profound effects of his father’s death and the deep unhappiness of his childhood. Education was his consolation. Recognized as brilliant by his primary school teachers in Creil, van Heijenoort was encouraged to take the scholarship examinations for the district secondary school in Clermont de l’Oise. Awarded a complete scholarship, from the age of eleven to eighteen he lived as a boarding student at the Collège of Clermont. After the unusual accomplishment of a double baccalaureate in philosophy and mathematics, he went on to the prestigious Lycée Saint Louis in Paris, where he specialized in mathematics....