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Garnett, James Mercer (08 June 1770–23 April 1843), congressman, agricultural reformer, and educator, was born at “Mount Pleasant” plantation, near present-day Loretto in Essex County, Virginia, the son of planters Muscoe Garnett and Grace Fenton Mercer. He was privately educated, and in 1793 married his first cousin, Mary Eleanor Dick Mercer. The couple had four daughters and four sons....

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Pugh, Evan (29 February 1828–29 April 1864), educator and scientist, was born in East Nottingham Township in Chester County, Pennsylvania, the son of Lewis Pugh and Mary Hutton, farmers. Both parents, who were Quakers, traced their American ancestry to the Pughs who numbered among the early Welsh Friends emigrating to Pennsylvania. Apprenticed to a blacksmith at age sixteen, Pugh enrolled three years later in a manual labor academy at Whitestown, New York. Farm work along with studying scientific literature sparked his interest in applying science to agriculture....