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Glidden, Joseph Farwell (18 January 1813–09 October 1906), farmer, inventor, and capitalist, was born in Charlestown, Sullivan County, New Hampshire, the son of David Glidden and Polly Hurd, farmers. His family moved west to Orleans County, New York, when he was an infant. After attending local district schools, he studied at Middlebury Academy in Genesee County and at the seminary in Lima, New York. He taught school in the area for several years, but farming was always his first love. In 1837 he married Clarissa Foster in Clarendon, New York. Lacking funds to buy land in New York, he headed west in about 1840 with two crude threshing machines, doing custom threshing and general farm work. In 1842 he settled in De Kalb County, Illinois, where he purchased 600 acres of prairie land on the edge of De Kalb village. The death of the Gliddens’ three young children, followed by the death of his wife in 1843, left Glidden alone until 1851, when he married Lucinda Warne of De Kalb. They had one daughter....

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Langstroth, Lorenzo Lorraine (25 December 1810–06 October 1895), minister and apiarist, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of John George Langstroth, occupation unknown, and Rebekah Aurelia Dunn Langstroth. After graduating from Yale in 1831, he began training for a career in the ministry and also served as a tutor in math at his alma mater between 1834 and 1836. In May 1836 he took over the pulpit at the South Congregational Church in Andover, Massachusetts, and on 22 August of that year married Anne M. Tucker of New Haven, Connecticut, with whom he was to have three children....

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Strong, Harriet Williams Russell (23 July 1844–16 September 1926), agribusinesswoman, inventor, and engineer, was born in Buffalo, New York, the daughter of Henry Pierrepont Russell and Mary Guest Musier. Her family moved to California in the 1850s, and Harriet attended the Mary Atkins...