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Smith, Theobald (31 July 1859–10 December 1934), microbiologist and comparative pathologist, was born in Albany, New York, the son of German immigrants Phillip Schmitt, a tailor, and Theresa Kexel. Smith spoke German at home and became an accomplished pianist, both talents that profoundly eased his later life. He married Lilian Hillyer Egleston in 1888; they had three children....


Victor Clarence Vaughan. Courtesy of the Clendening History of Medicine Library, University of Kansas Medical Center.


Vaughan, Victor Clarence (27 October 1851–21 November 1929), biochemist and bacteriologist, was born in Mount Airy, Missouri, the son of John Vaughan and Adeline Dameron, farmers. He received his early education at home from his mother, from private tutors, and in a community schoolhouse. At the age of seventeen, he enrolled in Mt. Pleasant College, from which he graduated with a B.S. in 1872. Vaughan taught chemistry and Latin at Mt. Pleasant from his student days until 1874, when he moved to Hardin College, a women’s school, to teach the same subjects for a semester. In the fall of 1874, he enrolled in the University of Michigan to pursue graduate studies, his choice of institutions influenced by the fact that Michigan had a large, well-equipped chemistry laboratory. He received his M.S. in 1875 and his Ph.D. in 1876 for studies in chemistry, geology, and biology....