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Morris, Lewis (15 October 1671–21 May 1746), chief justice of New York and royal governor of New Jersey, was born in New York City, the son of Richard Morris, who had recently migrated from Barbados to pursue a career as a merchant, and Sarah Pole. A member of a Welsh gentry family, Richard Morris had fought for Parliament during the English Civil War and then became a sugar planter on Barbados. Orphaned by the deaths of his parents less than a year after his birth, Lewis Morris was raised by his father’s brother Lewis, a strict Cromwellian Quaker and also a sugar planter, who moved from Barbados to New York to care for his nephew. Morris was educated by at least two tutors, one of whom was ...

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Smith, James Francis (28 January 1859–29 June 1928), colonial administrator and judge, was born in San Francisco, California, the son of Patrick Smith (occupation unknown) and Ann (maiden name unknown). Smith graduated from Santa Clara College in 1878, attended Hastings Law School, and was admitted to the bar in 1881. In 1885 he married Lillie A. Dunnigan; the couple had at least one child....