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Briggs, Clare A. (05 August 1875–03 January 1930), cartoonist, was born in Reedsburg, Wisconsin, the son of William Pardee Briggs, who sold farm machinery, and Nancy Ellen Stewart. His family later moved on to Dixon, Illinois, and finally to Lincoln, Nebraska, where he studied drawing at the normal school. He had shown some talent for drawing as a boy and some of his sketches were printed in the ...

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Buell, Marjorie Henderson (11 December 1904–30 May 1993), cartoonist, known as “Marge,” was born Marjorie Lyman Henderson in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the first of the three daughters of Horace Lyman Henderson, an attorney, and Bertha Brown Henderson. Marge grew up on the 60-acre family farmstead on Hershey Mill Road in Malvern. She attended the Friends' School in West Chester and received her high school diploma from the Villa Maria Convent (or Academy) in 1921. She and her sisters drew throughout childhood, doing elaborate comic pictures for birthdays and special family events. Marge launched her commercial artistic career at the age of eight, selling drawings to her friends. While still in high school, she sold cartoons to the ...

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Dumm, Edwina (21 July 1893–28 April 1990), cartoonist, known as “Edwina,” was born Frances Edwina Dumm in Upper Sandusky, Ohio, the daughter of Frank Edwin Dumm, an actor, playwright, and newspaperman who had left a career in the theater in New York to look after his father's newspaper business. Her mother's name is unknown. When Edwina was about eleven, her father sold the newspaper and went to Marion, Ohio, where he worked on ...

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Hokinson, Helen (29 June 1893–01 November 1949), cartoonist, was born Helen Elna Hokinson in Mendota, Illinois, the daughter of Adolph Hokinson (original Swedish spelling, Haakonson), a farm machinery salesman, and Mary Wilcox. Helen attended the public schools in Mendota, and a year after graduating high school in 1913, she enrolled in a two-year course at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts, studying fashion illustration and design. After completing her studies, she shared a studio with another artist, Alice Harvey, and secured assignments with art service agencies and department stores in Chicago. In 1920 Hokinson moved to New York to pursue a career as a fashion illustrator....

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Petty, Mary (29 April 1899–24 September 1976), cartoonist and illustrator, was born in Hampton, New Jersey, the daughter of Robert Davison Petty, professor of law at the New York Law School, and Florence Servis, a schoolteacher. Petty attended the Horace Mann School in New York City, from which she graduated in 1922. She never formally studied art; rather, she painstakingly taught herself. Drawing had been an avocation since she was a child, and according to Cheryl Ann Saunders, “her art displayed a satiric nature early on” (p. 6). When she met the ...

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Segar, Elzie Crisler (08 December 1894–13 October 1938), cartoonist and creator of the comic strip character Popeye, was born in Chester, Illinois, the son of Amzi Andrews Segar, a house painter and paper hanger, and Erma Irene Crisler. Segar’s initial contact with the world of entertainment came at the age of twelve when he worked at the Chester Opera House, where he drew posters and advertisements and learned to operate a projector for film showings (MPO, for “motion picture operator,” was reportedly tattooed on his forearm). His interest in drawing led him to complete the W. L. Evans correspondence course in cartooning, through which many young artists of the day learned the rudiments of the profession. With no further training, Segar moved to Chicago in 1916 and was hired by the Chicago ...