- Robert L. Gale
Smith, Bruce (23 May 1892–18 September 1955), criminologist and police department consultant, was born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Clarence B. Smith, a banker and real estate promoter, and Jessie Annin. After graduating from high school in Brooklyn, he studied at Wesleyan University but was such a vocal critic of compulsory chapel attendance that he was expelled in 1913 during his senior year. He entered Columbia University and graduated in 1914 with a B.A. He married Mary Belle Rowell in 1915; they had two children. Smith earned his M.A. and LL.B. at Columbia in 1916 but never took the bar examination. While a student, he worked at the New York Bureau of Municipal Research, located at Columbia and under the direction of ...