- Joseph G. Ponterotto
- and Jason D. Reynolds
Fischer, Bobby (09 March 1943–17 January 2008), professional chess player and the eleventh official world chess champion, was born Robert James Fischer in Chicago, Illinois, to a single mother, Regina Wender Fischer. Bobby had an older sister, Joan, who was born to Regina, an American citizen of Polish-Jewish heritage, and then-husband Hans Gerhardt Fischer in 1937 while the couple lived in Moscow. In 1939 Regina and daughter Joan returned to the United States via Paris without Hans Gerhardt, who immigrated to Chile. Bobby’s paternity was uncertain. Though Regina had listed Hans Gerhardt Fischer as the father on the birth certificate, it is now strongly believed that Bobby’s father was Paul Felix Nemenyi, a Hungarian immigrant scientist of Jewish faith whom Regina had met in Colorado in the early 1940s....