- Carl M. Becker
Hoyt, Beatrix (1880–14 August 1963), early golfer, was born in Westchester County, New York, the daughter of William Sprague Hoyt and Janet Ralston. She was the granddaughter of Salmon P. Chase, secretary of treasury in the Lincoln administration and later chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Virtually no biographical information on Hoyt’s family or her childhood is available. Hoyt made her mark as the first prominent woman golfer in the United States when golf, in its infancy in the 1890s, was essentially a man’s game. She took her first lessons early in the 1890s at the Shinnecock Hills Club on Long Island from Willie Dunn, the Scottish architect and professional golfer who had laid out the twelve-hole course in 1889. Shinnecock was the first incorporated golf club in the nation, and with its opulent clubhouse as a hallmark it became a model for clubs springing up at Newport, Philadelphia, and elsewhere in the East....