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Steinitz, Williamlocked

(17 May 1836–12 August 1900)
  • Elizabeth Zoe Vicary


Steinitz, William (17 May 1836–12 August 1900), chess player, was born Wilhelm Steinitz into a poor Jewish family in Prague, the son of Josef Salamon Steinitz, an iron worker, and Anna Torshová. His parents wanted Steinitz to become a rabbi, and he therefore received a good early education in both religious and general fields, tutored privately by rabbis. Steinitz left home at age nineteen, possibly in part because his mother had died and his father had remarried. After moving first to Strakonici (now in the Czech Republic) in 1855, Steinitz went in 1858 to Vienna, where he entered the Polytechnic Institute to study mathematics. He supported himself by tutoring, working as a tailor, and playing chess for money in cafés. Steinitz completed only the first year of his degree; he spent much of his time playing chess and was soon dismissed for lack of progress and refusal to take exams....

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