Gray, William Scott, Jr.
- Nancy A. Mavrogenes
Gray, William Scott, Jr. (05 June 1885–08 September 1960), reading expert, was born in Coatsburg, Illinois, the son of William Scott Gray, a schoolteacher and state senator from 1921 to 1923, and Annie Letitia Gilliland. After graduation from high school in 1904, Gray taught for a year in a one-room school in Adams County, Illinois, where he felt, in his own words, “distinctly unsuccessful” in teaching reading. From 1905 to 1908 he was principal and teacher in the village school in Fowler, Illinois. He entered Illinois State Normal University in 1908 and received his diploma in 1910. At the university, he became immersed in Herbartianism, a humanistic philosophy of education focusing on children’s interests and capacities. From 1910 to 1912 Gray served as principal and critic teacher supervising student teachers at the Normal University Training School. During this time he published his first professional writing, twelve articles in the ...