Bailey, Alice Anne La Trobe-Bateman
- Robert S. Ellwood
Bailey, Alice Anne La Trobe-Bateman (16 June 1880–15 December 1949), founder of a spiritual movement growing out of the Theosophical tradition, was born in Manchester, England, the daughter of Frederic Foster La Trobe-Bateman, a prosperous engineer and member of a socially prominent family, and Alice Hollinshead. She spent major parts of her early life in Canada and Switzerland because of her father’s work. Her mother died when she was six; her father, when she was nine; thereafter she lived on the estate of her grandfather John Frederic La Trobe-Bateman, a wealthy and very well known engineer. She was unhappy as a child, despite mystical tendencies. Her religious upbringing was in the conservative evangelical wing of the Church of England. After finishing school at eighteen, she worked from 1899 to 1907 for the Young Women’s Christian Association in a ministry to British troops, which included delivering highly evangelical sermons, first in Ireland and then in India. She met her future husband, Walter Evans, then a soldier, in India. They were married in 1907 in Britain. She then went with him to the United States, where he studied for the Episcopal priesthood in Cincinnati. After his ordination in 1910, they moved to Reedley, California, where he was given a church. They had three daughters. The marriage was not a success, however, and in 1915 they separated, divorcing in 1919. Alice retained custody of the children....