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Evelyn Hooker (1907–1996) was born in North Platte, Nebraska. Hooker’s research on homosexuality began when she applied for a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Hooker became the chair of the NIMH task force on homosexuality, which concluded that homosexuality should be decriminalized and lesbians and gay men should be protected by law.
Thomas Kirkbride (1809–1883) was born on a farm in eastern Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Kirkbride helped to found what is now known as the American Psychiatric Association, the first medical specialty organization in the United States. Kirkbride also gained fame for the elaborate program of patient education and entertainment offered at the hospital.